von Oktober 1999 bis April 2003
Leitung: Prof. Dr. Renate Bürger-Arndt
Bearbeitung/Kontakt: Ricky Avenzora
Förderer: Provinzregierung Toraja, Indonesien
AVENZORA, Ricky (2003): Integrated and Ecological Planning of Sustainable Tourism Development in a Rural Area in Indonesia - The Case Study of Tana Toraja, Sulawesi. Dissertation - Georg-August-University of Göttingen, 315 pp.
sustainable tourism, sustainable tourism planning, participatory approach of sustainable tourism planning, rural tourism, Tana Toraja, Sulawesi, Indonesia
The concept of sustainability has to be adopted and implemented in each development sector. However, it is far fromeasy to adapt, adopt and implement it, especially for developing country; such as Indonesia. Without a good planning, it can be predicted that around 400 new autonomous regencies will destroy their natural resources by promoting tourism in their rural areas. With this consideration in mind, it is regarded as necessary to perform a study on sustainable tourism planning in Indonesia, especially at the local autonomous region level; case study Tana Toraja.
The main goal of the study is to elaborate a guideline for ecologically sustainable tourism planning on a reagional scale. There are 3 different phase in the study, i.e.: (1) initial phase, (2) mid-phase, and (3) advance phase.
An understanding of the characteristics and dynamics of various tourism resources is however essential for the planning.The results of the study show that the socio-cultural and economic dynamics in a destination have very important impact on the achievment of the three pilars of sustainability. Some important efforts that have to be done in order to promote tourism resources in sustainable development are: (1) landscape conservation, (2) landuse regulation, (3) landscape improvement and management, (4) applying building area index, and (5) applying a strict environmental regulation.